Rough guide Moldova
Rough Guides: Albania | Andorra | Armenia | Austria | Azerbaijan | Belarus | Belgium | Bosnia | Bulgaria | Croatia | Cyprus | Czech Republic | Denmark | Estonia | Finland | France | Georgia | Germany | Greece | Hungary | Iceland | Ireland | Italy | Kazakhstan | Kosovo | Latvia | Lithuania | Luxembourg | Macedonia | Malta | Moldova | Monaco | Montenegro | Netherlands | Norway | Poland | Portugal | Romania | Russia | Serbia | Slovakia | Slovenia | Spain | Sweden | Switzerland | Turkey | UK | Ukraine
Population: 3.5 Million
Minimum Wage Rate: €55 per month
Language: Moldovan (Romanian)
Other Languages: Gaugauz, Russian, Ukrainian
EU Member: No
Current Government politics and support for culture: See Cultural Policy for general objectives and principles of cultural policy
Who needs a visa to work there?: Foreign citizens and stateless persons who want to engage in employment in the Republic of Moldova must obtain work permit from the National Agency for Employment of the Ministry of Economy. To grant the right to work, the employer or its legal representative shall submit to the National Agency for Employment the following documents: the demarche of the company / organization / institution to the National Agency for Employment; the questionnaire-application of the immigrant worker; the copy on favorable opinion issued by the National Agency for Employment; copies of constituent documents of the company / organization / institution (certificate of registration of the company, a recent extract from the State Register of enterprises, the State Register of non-governmental organizations, or work authorization / license, if applicable); documents confirming the activity of the company (certificate from the Tax Inspectorate on the lack of arrears to the national public budget, a copy of the financial report for the last period of management under the law in force); the individual employment contract, in the original; the national identity card of the foreign citizen or the identification card of the stateless person, with mentions relating to the crossing of the state border and its copy; the copy of the study document or other document confirming the qualification of the specialist invited to work, translated in the Moldovan language, legalized or with apostil; the standard medical certificate and the medical certificate confirming the absence of HIV / AIDS in the original; the document confirming the provision with rental space for the period requested (the owner’s declaration / rental agreement / sale-purchase contract); a color photograph, 50 × 60 mm, on white background; the criminal record from the country of origin, translated in the Moldovan language, legalized or with apostil. Foreign citizens who plan to stay in Moldova for more than 90 days have to obtain from the Office of Migration and Asylum the certificate of immigration. For this, the foreign citizen or stateless person shall submit to the Office of Migration and Asylum (Boulevard Stefan cel Mare 124, Chisinau), the following documents: the medical certificate on state of health and medical test results for HIV / AIDS, in original, the copy of the passport and passport Annex containing the visa with valid term, a copy of the identification card of the spouse, a copy of the marriage or divorce certificates, the argued opinion of the National Agency for Employment (for those who come to work), a copy of the employment contract for immigrants who come to work, authenticated notarized consent of the person granting the housing, a copy of the study document, 3 photos, 5x6 mm, the receipt confirming the payment of the state fee. Subsequently obtaining the certificate of immigration, the foreign citizen or stateless person shall conclude his/her residence permit at the Ministry of Information Development.National Agency for Employment. Some information are also on the website of Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration.
Best places to look for / find culture jobs: All Moldova portal provides all information about enterprices, cultural happenings, Moldova news, etc.
- Also try:
Best places to look for volunteering and internships: SALTO EECA works on the basis of EC decision to support the cooperation within the YOUTH in ACTION Programme with Neighbouring Partner Countries from Eastern Europe and Caucasus Region. ADVIT-Association for Development, Voluntary Service and Information for Youth promotes youth mobility, intercultural learning and international voluntary service. With EVS in Moldova you can do long term voluntary work in Moldova. Your host can be found through International Committee of Civil Diplomacy.
Studying/Training & Mobility Grants/Bursaries
Recommended university/college culture management courses
- first degree: Unfortunately most of the websites of the universities in Moldova are not translated into English. You can try at: Universities in Moldova
- postgraduate degree:
Recommended vocational and short-term culture management training:
National Grants or Bursaries For Mobility: You can get some grants through the Ministry of Education. National Youth Resource Centre supports young people and non-governmental youth sector participation in the development of a sustainable civil society in Moldova. Chevening Scholarships are among the most prestigious awards available to international students (in this case Moldavians) for study in the United Kingdom. Educational Advising Center gives information on study opportunities abroad including scholarships, testing, and other resources. Foundations and associations like: Soros, MacArthur, Fulbright are offering some grants.
Coolest places: green hills, mineral springs, lakes, Moldova’s capital - Chisinau - has a reputation as one of the greenest cities, Cricova wine cellars, Orheiul Vechi with monastery in the rocks, Tiraspol with its night life, Zaim, Centru, Todiresti.
Places to avoid: conflict areas with the neighboring countries, walking in the night in Chisinau, Transnistria (northeast Moldova)
Weather: Moldova's proximity to the Black Sea gives it a mild and sunny climate. Moldova's climate is moderately continental: the summers are warm and long, with temperatures averaging about 20 °C, and the winters are relatively mild and dry, with January temperatures averaging −4 °C. Annual rainfall, which ranges from around 600 millimeters in the north to 400 millimeters in the south, can vary greatly; long dry spells are not unusual. The heaviest rainfall occurs in early summer and again in October; heavy showers and thunderstorms are common. Because of the irregular terrain, heavy summer rains often cause erosion and river silting.
Budget airlines?: The best and the cheapest way is to fly with a cheap air flight to Romania with Wizzair, Blue Air, Germanwings, Merdiana Fly. From Romania you can reach Moldova by public transport. National company Air Moldova offers some bargain plane tickets for European countries.
What to eat and drink: Nature is very generous in Moldova, offering plentiful grapes, fruits, vegetables, meat and milk products and cereals, all of which have found their uses in our national food. The fertile soil and the traditional agricultural methods make possible the cultivation of a diverse range of ecologically pure raw materials. Moldovan cuisine has had a great influence on the traditional food of the other nationalities that live on this territory. At the same time some elements have been incorporated from Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Gagauzian and Russian cuisine, as well as elements taken some centuries ago from Greek and Turkish food. The ingredients used in the traditional meals are: a variety of vegetables like tomatoes, green peppers, aubergines, white cabbage, beans, onions, garlic, etc. The vegetables are used for salads and sauces; they are baked, pickled, salted, and canned thus becoming a real food art. The maize and maize flour give a specific color to the traditional meals, like soups, biscuits, flakes, alcohol free drinks, etc. The most common is “mamaliga” – a maize porridge or polenta with a fine and delicious taste. "Mamaliga" is served together with diced meat, cheese, fried meat, cream, etc. Meat cooked for the first and the second course has a special place in the Moldovan food. The most common are chicken soup, goulash, roast meat, grilled minced meat rolls, etc. A lot of meat courses are grilled over charcoal. But before the grilling procedure the meat is properly picked. There is not a holiday without cabbage rolls, meat jelly, noodles, etc. The traditional table is not complete without biscuits, pies, cake dipped in syrup and fruit. In different parts of Moldova there are local cuisines. In the East the Ukrainians prefer borsch, in the south the Bulgarians can offer a delicious chicken sauce – mangea, and the Gagauzians may serve you şorpa – a spicy ram soup, and the Russians will offer you their traditional pelmeni – a kind of roll stuffed with meat. The Moldovan cuisine is served with a variety of traditional drinks: stewed fruits, juices, as well as alcoholic drinks like: wine, brandy, "tuica" – plum brandy, etc. Wine growing in Moldova is a century-old tradition. The famous Moldovan wines are well known and appreciated at home and far beyond the country borders. The wines can be dry, sweet and strong, they have a varied bouquet of flavours and colours. For wine producing European vines are used such as: Sauvignon, Cabernet, Muscat, etc., as well as Moldovan varieties: Feteasca, Black Rara, Moldova, etc. Strong drinks such as plum brandy, are produced using traditional methods.
Cost of living examples:
- A Beer: €1
- A Cappuccino: €0.5
- A litre of milk: €0.75
- Renting a 2 bedrooms apartment in an average town: you can pay between €100 and €300.
Suggested reads and books
Across Moldova by Y. Zlatova, V. Kotelnikov; The Moldovans: Romania, Russia, and the Politics of Culture (Studies of Nationalities) by Charles King; Playing the Moldovans at Tennis by Tony Hawks; Moldova: A Romanian Province Under Russian Rule : Diplomatic History from the Archives of the Great Powers by Marcel Mitrasca; Moldova (Cultures of the World) by Patricia Sheehan; Lost Province: Adventures in a Moldovan Family by Stephen Henighan; The A to Z of Moldova by Andrei Brezianu; Moldova (Postcommunist States and Nations) by Thomas Hegarty; On the Border of Legal and Illegal: Women Open-air Market Traders in the Republic of Moldova by Mihaela Darii; The Geography of Bliss" by Eric Weiner; Homeland Book of the Bessarabian Germans (Paperback) by Albert Kern; Lazarus Project by Aleksandar Hemon; Danube: A Sentimental Journey From The Source To The Black Sea by Claudio Magris